The largest organ in the body is our skin. In order for our skin to remain healthy, it needs to breathe. Tiny openings in the skin called pores allow the skin to breathe. Besides letting air in, pores are responsible for the production of oils used to keep the skin soft and prevent it from drying out. The oil is referred to as sebum.
Acne vulgaris occurs when there is too much sebum produced by the skin. The excess sebum accumulate on the skin surface, mixing with dirt. The resultant accumulation blocks pores, preventing the skin to breathe, and the production of blackheads or comedones. An unblocked pore can have bacteria develop, causing infection, and damage to the pore. The damaged pores lead to pimple formation.
Mild acne is described as less than 20 comedones, less than jogosfriv, or less than a total count of 30 lesions. In mild acne if not controlled and worsens, the number of lesions will increase. In severe cases, pustules can develop under the skin, producing cysts. Cysts are very painful and can leave permanent scars on the skin.
Myth or Fact?
Acne is owned by teenagers
Fact! Teenagers are going through many changes in their body during this time of their lives. One change is the increased production of hormones, and is conducive to acne creation. The hormones are actually responsible for the increase in production of sebum. The blocking of pores becomes more prevalent, and with the skin unable to clear the excess sebum, bacteria sets up home, and acne appears.
Junk Food causes Acne
Myth! Acne is not directly caused by the foods we eat. Chips, pop, and chocolate though not a well balanced diet have been proved to not cause acne. A well balanced diet is recommended, leading to an overall healthier life style.
If you Squeeze blackheads you prevent pimples
Myth! Squeezing blackheads with your fingers can actually cause scarring and may even make acne worse. A metal device called a blackhead remover is the appropriate choice for blackhead removal. If no device, treatment by an aesthetician can also be beneficial.
Prevent acne by washing your skin several times a day
Myth! Washing the skin is important in the removal of dirt and oil blocking pores. Washing too often, excessive scrubbing, or using products that are harsh to the skin may actually irritate the skin. Less irritating products like Dove, or soap substitutes like Spectrogel and Cetaphil are much more effective than medicinal cleansers.
Beauty care cosmetics can cause acne
Fact! Some cosmetics are oil based and will unblocked games pores and promote acne formation. Lighter and non-oil based products are more practical for preventing conditions promoting acne.
What treatments to control acne work
The simplest treatment is a twice a day regimen of washing the skin, with appropriate soaps and water. Non prescription medications available with Benzoyl Peroxide are the most effective. Benzoyl Peroxide not only unblocks pores but also kills the bacteria responsible for infection. The medication should be used regularly and applied all over affected areas. Commonly acne worsens upon treatment at first, but shows significant improvement over a couple weeks. Two other common non prescription products, salicylic acid and resorcinol are considered inferior.
When non prescription products are not effective, prescribed medications such as tretinoin, or topical antibiotics like erythromycin or clindamycin are used. Tretinoin is a powerful keratolytic that softens the skin and helps in the removal of sebum from blocked pores. The antibiotics kill bacteria preventing infection and damage to pores. If a more aggressive approach is required, oral antibiotics will be used. These also kill the bacteria but this time via the bloodstream, but are more effective.
When all other treatments have failed, Accutane may be prescribed. Accutane is a vitamin A derivative (Isotretinoin). It works by preventing the production of sebum, allowing pores to unblock and cysts to be eliminated. Accutane has many side effects and can cause birth defects in pregnant women. Most common side effects are dry lips, skin and even dry eyes.
One final consideration is natural or light therapy regimens. Though physicians turns to more and more harsh chemicals or antibiotics as regimens fail, have they truly checked out all therapies. If one were to research these alternatives fully, maybe more successful therapies could be discovered. Possibly these alternative could provide successful results without all the side effects. Check it out, it may be worth less problems than present day therapies.